The latest local lockdown rules for Wales, Manchester, Liverpool and Northern Ireland

Boris Johnson has unveiled tough new local lockdowns that will see millions of households banned from mixing with each other indoors and hundreds of pubs in Liverpool shut their doors for four weeks. The Prime Minister announced the measures, which came into force on October 14, alongside a three-tier Covid alert level system, which will see different parts of the country placed in different categories dependent on rates of infection, with areas in the highest level facing the toughest restrictions. The first alert level, which is medium, covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures, such as the rule of six and the closure of hospitality at 10pm. The second alert level, which is high, “reflects the interventions in many local areas at the moment”, the Prime Minister said. This level bans the mixing of households or support bubbles in any indoor setting, however separate households can meet outdoors and in private gardens providing that the rule of six is followed. Areas already under restrictions will automatically move into the high alert level, and as a result of increasing infection rates, Nottinghamshire, East and West Cheshire and a small area of High Peak will also move into the high alert level.  According to a list released by Number 10, the Greater Manchester, Warrington, Derbyshire, Lancashire, West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, North East, Tees Valley, West Midlands and Leicester areas all fall under Tier 2.  The very high alert level - the most severe on the system - will “apply where transmission rates are rising most rapidly and where the NHS could soon be under unbearable pressure without further restrictions”. In these areas, social mixing indoors and in private gardens will be banned and pubs and bars will be closed. “We want to create the maximum possible local consensus behind this more severe local action,” Boris Johnson said. “So in each area we will work with local government leaders on the additional measures which should be taken. This could lead to further restrictions on the hospitality, leisure, entertainment or personal care sectors.”  However, retail, schools and universities will remain open in these areas. Mr Johnson confirmed that local authorities in the Liverpool City region will move into the very high alert level on October 14, and pubs and bars will also be closed. Gyms and leisure centres, betting shops, adult game centres and casinos will also close.  Negotiations between the Government and local leaders are currently underway to put further areas in the North West, North East and Yorkshire the Humber into Tier 3.  MPs voted on the measures on Tuesday and the new tiered system came into effect on Wednesday. It comes after data presented on Monday morning by England's Deputy Chief Medical Officer, Professor Jonathan Van-Tam and NHS England's Medical Director, Professor Stephen Powis, showed that cases in the North West and North East are continuing to rise at levels faster than the rest of England.  However, Prof Van-Tam said that it is of "significant concern" that "in a matter of days" cases have increased across the country as a whole and are "reaching down into a further land mass and to the South of England", and to the elderly. There are also currently more patients in hospital with Covid-19 in the UK now than there were when a full lockdown was announced in March, data showed.  The North West and North East and Yorkshire are seeing the fastest rise in hospital cases, with Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust experiencing the steepest increase. The Trust now has more than 250 Covid-19 patients in its beds.  Prof Powis added that the Nightingale hospitals in Manchester, Sunderland and Harrogate have been asked to "mobilise in the next few weeks" to be ready to accept patients if necessary. Regular testing for NHS staff in high-risk areas will also be introduced, regardless of whether they have symptoms. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own devolved governments and separate health systems. Pubs across central Scotland closed for just over two weeks to try to cut close-contact transmission, and there is a ban on hosting other households indoors across the country.  Here's everything we know about the local lockdown restrictions.  What is the three-tier system? Local lockdowns are to be automatically triggered by a three-tier Covid alert level system, which divides the country into different areas based on local infection rates, which will dictate the severity of local lockdowns. It will work alongside the NHS Test and Trace app, where people scan a special QR code to enter and exit pubs, restaurants and bars. The app will send a message to the user about lockdown conditions when the coronavirus risk profile changes. In England, there are currently zero areas in the UK that are considered low risk by the new app. England will be divided into one of three tiers, each of which will have predetermin

The latest local lockdown rules for Wales, Manchester, Liverpool and Northern Ireland

Boris Johnson has unveiled tough new local lockdowns that will see millions of households banned from mixing with each other indoors and hundreds of pubs in Liverpool shut their doors for four weeks.

The Prime Minister announced the measures, which came into force on October 14, alongside a three-tier Covid alert level system, which will see different parts of the country placed in different categories dependent on rates of infection, with areas in the highest level facing the toughest restrictions.

The first alert level, which is medium, covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures, such as the rule of six and the closure of hospitality at 10pm.

The second alert level, which is high, “reflects the interventions in many local areas at the moment”, the Prime Minister said. This level bans the mixing of households or support bubbles in any indoor setting, however separate households can meet outdoors and in private gardens providing that the rule of six is followed.

Areas already under restrictions will automatically move into the high alert level, and as a result of increasing infection rates, Nottinghamshire, East and West Cheshire and a small area of High Peak will also move into the high alert level. 

According to a list released by Number 10, the Greater Manchester, Warrington, Derbyshire, Lancashire, West Yorkshire, South Yorkshire, North East, Tees Valley, West Midlands and Leicester areas all fall under Tier 2. 

The very high alert level - the most severe on the system - will “apply where transmission rates are rising most rapidly and where the NHS could soon be under unbearable pressure without further restrictions”. In these areas, social mixing indoors and in private gardens will be banned and pubs and bars will be closed.

“We want to create the maximum possible local consensus behind this more severe local action,” Boris Johnson said. “So in each area we will work with local government leaders on the additional measures which should be taken. This could lead to further restrictions on the hospitality, leisure, entertainment or personal care sectors.” 

However, retail, schools and universities will remain open in these areas.

Mr Johnson confirmed that local authorities in the Liverpool City region will move into the very high alert level on October 14, and pubs and bars will also be closed. Gyms and leisure centres, betting shops, adult game centres and casinos will also close. 

Negotiations between the Government and local leaders are currently underway to put further areas in the North West, North East and Yorkshire the Humber into Tier 3. 

MPs voted on the measures on Tuesday and the new tiered system came into effect on Wednesday.

It comes after data presented on Monday morning by England's Deputy Chief Medical Officer, Professor Jonathan Van-Tam and NHS England's Medical Director, Professor Stephen Powis, showed that cases in the North West and North East are continuing to rise at levels faster than the rest of England. 

However, Prof Van-Tam said that it is of "significant concern" that "in a matter of days" cases have increased across the country as a whole and are "reaching down into a further land mass and to the South of England", and to the elderly.

There are also currently more patients in hospital with Covid-19 in the UK now than there were when a full lockdown was announced in March, data showed. 

The North West and North East and Yorkshire are seeing the fastest rise in hospital cases, with Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust experiencing the steepest increase. The Trust now has more than 250 Covid-19 patients in its beds. 

Prof Powis added that the Nightingale hospitals in Manchester, Sunderland and Harrogate have been asked to "mobilise in the next few weeks" to be ready to accept patients if necessary. Regular testing for NHS staff in high-risk areas will also be introduced, regardless of whether they have symptoms.

Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own devolved governments and separate health systems. Pubs across central Scotland closed for just over two weeks to try to cut close-contact transmission, and there is a ban on hosting other households indoors across the country. 

Here's everything we know about the local lockdown restrictions. 

What is the three-tier system?

Local lockdowns are to be automatically triggered by a three-tier Covid alert level system, which divides the country into different areas based on local infection rates, which will dictate the severity of local lockdowns.

It will work alongside the NHS Test and Trace app, where people scan a special QR code to enter and exit pubs, restaurants and bars. The app will send a message to the user about lockdown conditions when the coronavirus risk profile changes.

In England, there are currently zero areas in the UK that are considered low risk by the new app.

England will be divided into one of three tiers, each of which will have predetermined restrictions.

Tier one, or medium alert level, covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures, such as the rule of six and the closure of hospitality at 10pm.

Tier two, or high alert levelbans households or support bubbles from meeting each other indoors. However separate households can meet outdoors and in public gardens providing that the rule of six is followed.

Tier three, or very high alert level, bans social mixing indoors and in private gardens altogether, and bars and pubs will be closed as a baseline. However, the Government will decide with local authorities on whether further measures, including further restrictions on the hospitality, leisure, entertainment and personal care sectors. Retail, schools and universities will still remain open in these areas.

Which areas are in local lockdown and what are the rules?

Liverpool

The Liverpool City region, which includes Knowsley, Wirral, St Helens, Sefton and Halton, has been placed under Tier 3 restrictions, or the very high alert level.

This means that all social mixing indoors and in private gardens is prohibited, and pubs and bars will be closed. In addition to these measures, gyms and leisure centres, betting centres, adult game centres and casinos will also close.

These restrictions came into effect on Wednesday 14 October.

The North West and North East and Yorkshire are seeing the fastest rise in hospital cases, with Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust experiencing the steepest increase. The Trust now has more than 250 Covid-19 patients in its beds. 

Read more: Can I go on holiday in local lockdown?

North East and Tees Valley

The North East and Tees Valley have been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

This includes Newcastle, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Gateshead, Sunderland, Durham, Northumberland, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, Stockton-on-Tees, Darlington and Hartlepool.

West Yorkshire and Leeds

West Yorkshire and Leeds have been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

The areas affected include Bradford, Kirklees, Calderdale and Wakefield.

Read more: Can I meet up with friends and family, and can grandparents look after their grandchildren now?

Wales including Cardiff, Swansea and Llanelli

Two-thirds of the population of Wales are now living in lockdown, including the country's capital Cardiff plus Swansea and Llanelli.

Neath Port Talbot, Torfaen and the Vale of Glamorgan all had new restrictions introduced from September 28.

The restrictions mean people should not meet indoors, aside from extended households, and nor should they enter or leave their regions without a "reasonable" excuse.

People must also work from home whenever possible, the Welsh health minister Vaughan Gething said.

The rules have also been tightened in Blaenau Gwent, Caerphilly, Bridgend, Merthyr Tydfil, Newport, and Rhondda Cynon Taf. And on October 1, new restrictions were introduced in Conwy, Flintshire, Denbighshire and Wrexham. 

People are not allowed to enter or leave these areas without a reasonable excuse, such as travel for work or education, and people will only be able to meet others they don’t live with outdoors for the time being. 

In those areas, people have not been allowed to leave or enter the county area without a "reasonable excuse", people over 11 must wear face coverings in shops, and people will only be allowed to meet outdoors. Extended households have also been temporarily suspended.

On 14 October, First Minister Mark Drakeford announced that the Welsh Government is preparing to prevent people who live in areas of the UK with high levels of coronavirus from travelling to Wales. 

Under regulations being prepared, people living in areas with high levels of coronavirus in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland will not be able to travel to Wales.

The new restrictions are planned to come into force at 6pm on Friday 16 October.

London

London has not yet confirmed any local lockdown measures, but it has been added to Public Health England's watch list, which sets out areas of concern following a rise in infections.

It is expected that London will be placed under the Tier Two, or high alert level, in the Government's new three-tier system.

The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has not ruled out introducing new lockdown measures specific to London amid a rising tide in infections.

South Yorkshire 

South Yorkshire has been placed under Tier 2 restrictions. 

Areas affected include Barnsley, Rotherham, Doncaster and Sheffield.

Lancashire

Lancashire has been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

This includes Blackpool, Preston, Blackburn and Darwen, and Burnley. 

Derbyshire

Derbyshire has been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

Areas affected include various wards of High Peak: Tintwistle, Padfield, Dinting, St John's, Old Glossop, Whitfield, Simmondley, Gamesley, Howard Town, Hadfield South and Hadfield North.

These are the latest rules for areas in local lockdown across the UK

West Midlands, Leicester and Nottingham

West Midlands, Leicester and Nottingham have been put under Tier 2 restrictions.

In the West Midlands, areas affected include Birmingham, Sandwell, Solihull, Wolverhampton and Walsall.

In Leicester, this is Leicester and Oadby and Wigston.

In Nottingham, this is Nottinghamshire and Nottingham City. 

Greater Manchester, Warrington and Cheshire 

Greater Manchester, Warrington and Cheshire have all been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

Affected areas include Cheshire West and Chester, Cheshire East, Manchester, Bolton, Bury, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, Salford, Rochdale, Oldham and Warrington.

Markets are open in Leicester but there are restrictions on social gatherings Credit: REUTERS

Scotland

The rules: People in all areas of Scotland should not meet with people from other households in indoor household settings.

Members of different households can continue to meet outdoors, including in gardens, and in hospitality settings, although a 10pm curfew on hospitality settings applies, and the groups must be no larger than six people from two different households. 

Anyone who has been in close contact with someone who has tested positive for Covid-19 should isolate for 14 days. This quarantine extends to everyone in their household group.

Indoor visits to hospitals and care homes are limited to essential visits only. Outdoor visits to care homes are permitted by up to three individuals at a time from no more than two households.

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon has said she is keeping under review the imposition of a 'circuit breaker' lockdown in the October half term - a short but extreme shutdown designed to have a sharp impact on breaking the chain of transmission.

In the meantime, from 6pm on October 9 until October 25, pubs and cafes are banned from serving alcohol indoors.

Outdoor venues can open until 10pm and are allowed to sell alcohol until that time. Indoor hospitality venues selling food and non-alcoholic drinks will operate between 6am and 6pm.

Five health board areas - Greater Glasgow & Clyde, Lanarkshire, Ayrshire & Arran, Lothian, and Forth Valley - face stricter restrictions, with pubs and licensed cafes to shut to all but takeaway customers for the same period.

People in the five health boards under tougher restrictions have also been asked to avoid public transport unless absolutely necessary in the next two weeks, and use it only when travelling to work, school or for other unavoidable reasons.

Snooker and pool halls, indoor bowling alleys, casinos and bingo halls are closed in these areas for two weeks from October 10. With contact sports and indoor group exercise for those 18 and over suspended for the same period, so too outdoor live events.

Northern Ireland

The rules:  Arlene Foster has announced new restrictions in Northern Ireland.

Pubs and restaurants will close for four weeks, with the exception of takeaways and deliveries, while schools will shut for two weeks over the half-term Halloween break in a bid to slow the spread of coronavirus.

How are the restrictions enforced?

The police will be able to take action against those who break these rules, including asking people to disperse and issuing £100 fixed penalty notices. For repeat offenders, these fines can increase up to £3,200.

People aged 18 or over can be fined:

  • £200 for the first offence, lowered to £100 if paid within 14 days
  • £400 for the second offence, then doubling for each further offence up to a maximum of £6,400

Read more: Will London go into local lockdown?

Should I shield?

Millions of people who shielded during first lockdown will not be told to stay home this time, as health officials admit policy caused “harm” and “left people feeling imprisoned”.

But more than 2 million people who are considered “clinically extremely vulnerable” will be told to take practical steps to reduce exposure to the virus - such as only meeting others outdoors if possible. 

Read more: Covid shielding: The latest government advice for vulnerable people, explained

Can I travel in the lockdown areas?

You should try not to share a car with those outside your household or social bubble. If you need to, the Government advises you to:

  • Share the transport with the same people each time
  • Keep to small groups of people at any one time
  • Open windows for ventilation
  • Travel side by side or behind other people, rather than facing them
  • Face away from each other
  • Consider seating arrangements to maximise distance between people in the vehicle
  • Clean your car between journeys using standard cleaning products – make sure you clean door handles and other areas that people may touch
  • Ask the driver and passengers to wear a face mask

Can I visit my family in one of the lockdown areas?

If you are in a Tier 2, or high alert, area, then you cannot meet other households in any indoor setting. However, you can meet other households outdoors and in private gardens providing that the rule of six is followed.

If you are in a Tier 3 are then you cannot mix between households. 

What if they want to visit me?

The same rule applies. Even if you live outside the lockdown zone, they are not allowed to come to your home. 

I live in one of these areas. Can I see my family and friends? 

People living in the lockdown zones can meet in outdoor public spaces in groups of up to six people. They will still be required to socially distance

Can I go to work? 

There is no restriction on travelling to and from the office, however the advice is to work from home if you can. 

Should I cancel my wedding? 

Weddings and civil partnership ceremonies are still permitted, with up to 15 people able to attend. However, large receptions or parties afterwards should not go ahead. People can also travel in and out of lockdown zones to attend weddings. 

Funerals with up to 30 attendees can also take place. 

Read more: The latest wedding rules

Can I go to a place of worship? 

You may attend a mosque, church, synagogue, temple or other place or worship, but you should socially distance from people outside of your household. Maintain a distance of two metre, or one metre if you are wearing a mask.

If possible, prayer or religious services should take place outdoors.

Are you in a local lockdown? Tell us how you're coping in the comments section below