The latest local lockdown restrictions in Manchester, Wales, Liverpool, and South Yorkshire

Boris Johnson has unveiled a three-tier Covid alert system, which will see different parts of the country placed in different categories dependent on rates of infection, with areas in the highest level facing the toughest restrictions. The first alert level, Tier 1 which is medium, covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures, such as the rule of six and the closure of hospitality at 10pm. The second alert level, Tier 2 which is high, bans the mixing of households or support bubbles in any indoor setting, however separate households can meet outdoors and in private gardens providing that the rule of six is followed. The very high alert level - Tier 3 - the most severe on the system - applies "where transmission rates are rising most rapidly and where the NHS could soon be under unbearable pressure without further restrictions”. In these areas, social mixing indoors and in private gardens will be banned and pubs and bars will be closed. However, retail, schools and universities will remain open in these areas. Areas under Tier 3 restrictions are: Liverpool City Region, Lancashire, Greater Manchester (from Oct 23) and South Yorkshire (from Oct 24).  Areas under Tier 2 restrictions are: Greater London, Essex, Elmbridge, Surrey, North East Derbyshire, Chesterfield, York, Barrow in Furness, Erewash, Cheshire West and Chester, Cheshire East, Wigan, Warrington, Tintwhistle, Padfield, Dinting, St John's, Old Glossop, Whitfield, Simmondley, Gamesley, Howard Town, Hadfield North, Hadfield South, Bolton, Leeds, Bradford, Kirklees, Calderdale, Wakefield, Barnsley, Rotherham, Doncaster, Sheffield, Newcastle, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Gateshead, Sunderland, Durham, Northumberland, Middlesborough, Redcar and Cleveland, Stockon-on-Tees, Darlington, Hartlepool, Birmingham, Sandwell, Solihill, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Leicester, Oadby and Wigston, Nottinghamshire, Nottingham City, Ashfield, Bassetlawe, Broxtowe, Gedling, Mansfield, Newark and Sherwood and Rushcliffe, Stoke-on-Trent, Coventry and Slough. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own devolved governments and separate health systems. Pubs across central Scotland closed for just over two weeks to try to cut close-contact transmission, and there is a ban on hosting other households indoors across the country.  Here's everything we know about the local lockdown restrictions.  What is the three-tier system? Local lockdowns are to be automatically triggered by a three-tier Covid alert level system, which divides the country into different areas based on local infection rates, which will dictate the severity of local lockdowns. It will work alongside the NHS Test and Trace app, where people scan a special QR code to enter and exit pubs, restaurants and bars. The app will send a message to the user about lockdown conditions when the coronavirus risk profile changes. In England, there are currently no areas in the UK that are considered low risk by the new app. England is being divided into one of three tiers, each of which has predetermined restrictions. Tier one, or medium alert level, covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures, such as the rule of six and the closure of hospitality at 10pm. Tier two, or high alert level, bans households or support bubbles from meeting each other indoors. However separate households can meet outdoors and in public gardens providing that the rule of six is followed. Tier three, or very high alert level, bans social mixing indoors and in private gardens altogether, and bars and pubs will be closed as a baseline. However, the Government will decide with local authorities on further measures, including further restrictions on the hospitality, leisure, entertainment and personal care sectors. Retail, schools and universities will still remain open in these areas. Which areas are in local lockdown and what are the rules? Stoke-on-Trent, Coventry and Slough Stoke-on-Trent, Coventry and Slough will all move into Tier 2 restrictions from Saturday 24 October. Matt Hancock, the Health Secretary, said the infection rate in all three areas was now over 100 per 100,000 people.  Areas in Tier 2 are banned from mixing with other households indoors. The rule of six is applied to all gatherings outdoors, meaning separate households can still meet outdoors and in gardens with a limited size. South Yorkshire  South Yorkshire is currently under Tier 2 restrictions, but it will move into Tier 3 from Saturday 24 October from 00.01.  Areas affected include Barnsley, Rotherham, Doncaster and Sheffield. The restrictions include a ban on households mixing and the closure of pubs and bars which do not serve meals. They will also include the closure of betting shops, adult gaming centres, casinos and soft play centres. Gym classes will not be allowed, but gyms will remain open. A package of support has been agreed with the Government, including £11m for support for a local

The latest local lockdown restrictions in Manchester, Wales, Liverpool, and South Yorkshire

Boris Johnson has unveiled a three-tier Covid alert system, which will see different parts of the country placed in different categories dependent on rates of infection, with areas in the highest level facing the toughest restrictions.

The first alert level, Tier 1 which is medium, covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures, such as the rule of six and the closure of hospitality at 10pm.

The second alert level, Tier 2 which is highbans the mixing of households or support bubbles in any indoor setting, however separate households can meet outdoors and in private gardens providing that the rule of six is followed.

The very high alert level - Tier 3 - the most severe on the system - applies "where transmission rates are rising most rapidly and where the NHS could soon be under unbearable pressure without further restrictions”.

In these areas, social mixing indoors and in private gardens will be banned and pubs and bars will be closed.

However, retail, schools and universities will remain open in these areas.

Areas under Tier 3 restrictions are: Liverpool City Region, Lancashire, Greater Manchester (from Oct 23) and South Yorkshire (from Oct 24). 

Areas under Tier 2 restrictions are: Greater London, Essex, Elmbridge, Surrey, North East Derbyshire, Chesterfield, York, Barrow in Furness, Erewash, Cheshire West and Chester, Cheshire East, Wigan, Warrington, Tintwhistle, Padfield, Dinting, St John's, Old Glossop, Whitfield, Simmondley, Gamesley, Howard Town, Hadfield North, Hadfield South, Bolton, Leeds, Bradford, Kirklees, Calderdale, Wakefield, Barnsley, Rotherham, Doncaster, Sheffield, Newcastle, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Gateshead, Sunderland, Durham, Northumberland, Middlesborough, Redcar and Cleveland, Stockon-on-Tees, Darlington, Hartlepool, Birmingham, Sandwell, Solihill, Wolverhampton, Walsall, Leicester, Oadby and Wigston, Nottinghamshire, Nottingham City, Ashfield, Bassetlawe, Broxtowe, Gedling, Mansfield, Newark and Sherwood and Rushcliffe, Stoke-on-Trent, Coventry and Slough.

Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own devolved governments and separate health systems. Pubs across central Scotland closed for just over two weeks to try to cut close-contact transmission, and there is a ban on hosting other households indoors across the country. 

Here's everything we know about the local lockdown restrictions. 

What is the three-tier system?

Local lockdowns are to be automatically triggered by a three-tier Covid alert level system, which divides the country into different areas based on local infection rates, which will dictate the severity of local lockdowns.

It will work alongside the NHS Test and Trace app, where people scan a special QR code to enter and exit pubs, restaurants and bars. The app will send a message to the user about lockdown conditions when the coronavirus risk profile changes.

In England, there are currently no areas in the UK that are considered low risk by the new app.

England is being divided into one of three tiers, each of which has predetermined restrictions.

Tier one, or medium alert level, covers most of the country and consists of the current national measures, such as the rule of six and the closure of hospitality at 10pm.

Tier two, or high alert level, bans households or support bubbles from meeting each other indoors. However separate households can meet outdoors and in public gardens providing that the rule of six is followed.

Tier three, or very high alert level, bans social mixing indoors and in private gardens altogether, and bars and pubs will be closed as a baseline. However, the Government will decide with local authorities on further measures, including further restrictions on the hospitality, leisure, entertainment and personal care sectors. Retail, schools and universities will still remain open in these areas.

Which areas are in local lockdown and what are the rules?

Stoke-on-Trent, Coventry and Slough

Stoke-on-Trent, Coventry and Slough will all move into Tier 2 restrictions from Saturday 24 October.

Matt Hancock, the Health Secretary, said the infection rate in all three areas was now over 100 per 100,000 people. 

Areas in Tier 2 are banned from mixing with other households indoors.

The rule of six is applied to all gatherings outdoors, meaning separate households can still meet outdoors and in gardens with a limited size.

South Yorkshire 

South Yorkshire is currently under Tier 2 restrictions, but it will move into Tier 3 from Saturday 24 October from 00.01. 

Areas affected include Barnsley, Rotherham, Doncaster and Sheffield.

The restrictions include a ban on households mixing and the closure of pubs and bars which do not serve meals.

They will also include the closure of betting shops, adult gaming centres, casinos and soft play centres.

Gym classes will not be allowed, but gyms will remain open.

A package of support has been agreed with the Government, including £11m for support for a localised test and trace system and £30m for support for businesses affected.

Liverpool

The Liverpool City region, which includes Knowsley, Wirral, St Helens, Sefton and Halton, has been placed under Tier 3 restrictions, or the very high alert level.

This means that all social mixing indoors and in private gardens is prohibited, and pubs and bars are closed. In addition to these measures, gyms and leisure centres, betting centres, adult game centres and casinos are also closed.

These restrictions came into effect on October 14.

The North West and North East and Yorkshire are seeing the fastest rise in hospital cases, with Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust experiencing the steepest increase. The Trust now has more than 250 Covid-19 patients in its beds. 

Read more: Can I go on holiday in local lockdown?

Lancashire

Lancashire has also been placed under Tier 3 restrictions. 

The Government has pledged an extra £30 million to help with the local test, trace and isolate system and will create a ministerial-led task force with additional funding to work with Lancashire leaders to support local businesses to recover over the coming six months.  

The rules:

  • People must not socialise with anybody they do not live with, or have formed a support bubble with, in any indoor setting or in any private garden or at most outdoor hospitality venues and ticketed events.
  • People must not socialise in a group of more than six in an outdoor public space such as a park or beach, the countryside, a public garden or a sports venue.
  • All pubs and bars must close, unless they are serving substantial meals.
  • People should try to avoid travelling outside the very high alert level or entering a very high alert level area, other than for work, education or for caring responsibilities or to travel through as part of a longer journey.
  • Residents should avoid staying overnight in another part of the UK, and others should avoid staying overnight in the very high alert area.

In addition, following discussions with local leaders it was agreed that from October 19 at 12.01am:

  • The adult gaming industry, casinos, bingo halls, bookmakers and betting shops, and soft play areas must close.
  • Car boot sales are not permitted. 

Matt Hancock, the Health Secretary, said: “An unrelenting rise in cases in Lancashire means we must act now, and we have worked intensively with local leaders to agree on additional restrictions.

“I know how heavy these additional challenges will weigh on everyday life for the people of Lancashire – but they are critical in bringing this virus under control."

Greater Manchester, Warrington and Cheshire 

Greater Manchester and Warrington are under Tier 3 restrictions, while Cheshire remain under Tier 2 restrictions.

Prime Minister Boris Johnson confirmed on October 20 that Greater Manchester would move to the "very high" coronavirus alert level, Tier 3. It will take effect at 12.01am on Friday October 23.

Speaking at a Downing St press conference, Mr Johnson said: "That means that pubs and bars must close, unless they are serving substantial meals, households can't mix in doors, or in most outdoor settings.

"In some public outdoor spaces groups must be limited to the rule of six.

"And, we strongly advise against travel into and out of the area."

On October 23, it was announced Warrington would move into Tier 3 restrictions from Thursday October 30.

Warrington Borough Council said it has secured £5.9 million in coronavirus support from the Government as part of its move from a "high risk" Tier 2 area to a Tier 3 area.

It comes after local leaders and the Government failed to reach an agreement on funding for Greater Manchester heading into Tier 3.

Mr Johnson said it would be unfair to give Manchester a £65m funding package, desired by mayor Andy Burnham, as it was "out of kilter" with other regions that have received support.

Mr Burnham has accused the Prime Minister of fracturing the country by failing to support his city. 

Downing Street says they will have access to other funds in the future, and Mr Johnson said his "door is open" for future negotiation. 

North East and Tees Valley

The North East and Tees Valley have been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

This includes Newcastle, South Tyneside, North Tyneside, Gateshead, Sunderland, Durham, Northumberland, Middlesbrough, Redcar and Cleveland, Stockton-on-Tees, Darlington and Hartlepool.

West Yorkshire and Leeds

West Yorkshire and Leeds have been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

The areas affected include Bradford, Kirklees, Calderdale and Wakefield.

Wales

Wales is now in lockdown after First Minister Mark Drakeford announced a 17-day  “fire break” designed to contain the latest spike in coronavirus cases will be introduced across Wales. 

The break will begin on Friday October 23, include the half-term holiday and last until Monday November 9. 

After discussions with the Welsh cabinet Mr Drakeford said a “short, sharp, shock to turn back to clock, slow down the virus, and give us more time” was agreed.  

“Everyone in Wales will be required to stay at home, this means working from home wherever that is possible, and the only exceptions will be critical workers and jobs where working from home is simply not possible,” Mr Drakeford told a press conference.

“All non-essential retail, leisure, hospitality and tourism businesses will close just as they had to during the March lockdown.”

Community centres, libraries and recycling centres will close and places of worship will no longer be able to hold regular services, except for funerals and weddings.

“This fire break is the shortest we can make it, but that means that it will have to be sharp and deep in order to have the impact we need it to have on the virus,” he added.

Following the half-term holiday, primary schools and special schools will reopen, Mr Drakeford said.

For secondary schools, only years 7 and 8 will return as normal after the holidays.

“Other children taking examinations will be able to attend, but all other students will continue their learning from home,” he said.

Universities will continue to offer both in person and online classes, but students must stay home in their university accommodation under the new rules.

During the fire break, people will be banned from meeting people outside of their household both indoors and outdoors, unless they are in a support bubble.

In addition, all non-essential travel within Wales has essentially been banned with increased border restriction on travel into the country.

As of Friday 16 October, people living in areas with high levels of coronavirus in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland are not allowed to travel to Wales.

London

London moved to Tier 2 coronavirus restrictions on October 17, putting around nine million people under new, tighter restrictions. 

Sadiq Khan warned Londoners that they faced a "difficult winter ahead" adding that "no one wants to see restrictions, but these are necessary".

Rates are currently 97 per 100,000 and rising, and there will now be a ban on different households meeting indoors.

People should aim to reduce the number of journeys they make where possible. If they need to travel, they should walk or cycle where possible, or plan ahead and avoid busy times and routes on public transport.

The Rule of Six will continue to apply outdoors and in private gardens.

Mr Khan said the measures were necessary but he would still like to go further and see a national circuit breaker.

“It is clear that the virus is now spreading rapidly in every part of our city, and hospital and ICU admissions are steadily rising," he said.

"Time and again it has been shown that it is better to act earlier than to act too late – which would cost more lives and damage more livelihoods. I am not willing to put Londoners’ lives at risk and we must do all we can to minimise economic damage.

“That is why, following discussions between me, ministers and our city’s senior health advisers and council leaders, the Government will move London into Tier 2 restrictions - alert level high – from the start of Saturday.

"This will mean Londoners will not be able to mix between different households indoors - which includes in their homes and inside pubs and restaurants. Londoners should also aim to reduce the number of journeys they make where possible."

Derbyshire

Derbyshire has been placed under Tier 2 restrictions.

Areas affected include various wards of High Peak: Tintwistle, Padfield, Dinting, St John's, Old Glossop, Whitfield, Simmondley, Gamesley, Howard Town, Hadfield South and Hadfield North.

Areas in local lockdown across the UK Credit: Danny Lawson/PA

West Midlands, Leicester and Nottingham

West Midlands, Leicester and Nottingham have been put under Tier 2 restrictions.

In the West Midlands, areas affected include Birmingham, Sandwell, Solihull, Wolverhampton and Walsall.

In Leicester, this is Leicester and Oadby and Wigston.

In Nottingham, this is Nottinghamshire and Nottingham City. But Tier 3 coronavirus restrictions are expected to come into force in parts of Nottinghamshire on Wednesday October 28. It is understood that MPs from the Nottinghamshire region were briefed on Friday that a Government announcement is due on Monday.

Markets are open in Leicester but there are restrictions on social gatherings Credit: REUTERS

Scotland

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said England's tiered alert system would "give an idea" of a similar scheme to be proposed in Scotland.

A new tiered system of lockdown restrictions will come into force in Scotland on Monday November 2 if approved at Holyrood next week, Ms Sturgeon said.

Pubs, bars, restaurants and cafes outside central Scotland can only conduct indoor business between 6am and 6pm and not serve alcohol, although alcoholic drinks can be served until 10pm in outdoor areas.

But pubs and licensed restaurants in five health board areas - Greater Glasgow and Clyde, Lanarkshire, Ayrshire and Arran, Lothian, and Forth Valley - have been forced to close for all but takeaway service until October 26.

Snooker and pool halls, indoor bowling, casinos and bingo halls have also been made to close and no outdoor live events are allowed in these five areas.

In addition, shops have been asked to return to two metres of physical distancing and to reintroduce measures from earlier in the pandemic such as one-way systems.

In terms of seeing friends and family, people cannot meet others from another household unless they are part of an "extended household", available to people who live alone or only with children under 18.

People can meet outdoors in groups of up to six, not including children under 12, from no more than two households, and a maximum of six people from two households can meet in public indoor spaces such as cafes, pubs and restaurants.

Ms Sturgeon has advised Scots against travelling to high-risk areas of England as she singled out Blackpool as "associated with a large and growing number of Covid cases in Scotland".

The Cabinet will decide if these restrictions, brought in on October 9 to stem a rise in cases and due to end on October 26, will be extended until the implementation of the tiered framework.

Northern Ireland

The rules: Arlene Foster has announced new restrictions in Northern Ireland.

Pubs and restaurants are closed for four weeks, with the exception of takeaways and deliveries, while schools will close on October 19 for two weeks - one of which will cover the half-term Halloween break.

Under the new restrictions, retail outlets will remain open, as will gyms for individual training.

Churches will also remain open and it is understood a 25-person limit will be placed on funerals and weddings, but wedding receptions are prohibited.

People should work from home unless unable to do so, and are urged not to take unnecessary journeys.

How are the restrictions enforced?

The police will be able to take action against those who break these rules, including asking people to disperse and issuing £100 fixed penalty notices. For repeat offenders, these fines can increase up to £3,200.

People aged 18 or over can be fined:

  • £200 for the first offence, lowered to £100 if paid within 14 days
  • £400 for the second offence, then doubling for each further offence up to a maximum of £6,400

Should I shield?

Millions of people who shielded during the first lockdown will not be told to stay home this time, as health officials admit the policy caused “harm” and “left people feeling imprisoned”.

But more than two million people who are considered “clinically extremely vulnerable” will be told to take practical steps to reduce exposure to the virus - such as only meeting others outdoors if possible. 

Read more: Covid shielding: The latest government advice for vulnerable people, explained

Can I travel in the lockdown areas?

You should try not to share a car with those outside your household or social bubble. If you need to, the Government advises you to:

  • Share the transport with the same people each time
  • Keep to small groups of people at any one time
  • Open windows for ventilation
  • Travel side by side or behind other people, rather than facing them
  • Face away from each other
  • Consider seating arrangements to maximise distance between people in the vehicle
  • Clean your car between journeys using standard cleaning products – make sure you clean door handles and other areas that people may touch
  • Ask the driver and passengers to wear a face mask

Can I visit my family in one of the lockdown areas?

If you are in a Tier 2, or high alert, area, then you cannot meet other households in any indoor setting. However, you can meet other households outdoors and in private gardens providing that the rule of six is followed.

If you are in a Tier 3 area, then you cannot mix between households. 

What if they want to visit me?

The same rule applies. Even if you live outside the lockdown zone, they are not allowed to come to your home. 

I live in one of these areas. Can I see my family and friends? 

People living in the lockdown zones can meet in outdoor public spaces in groups of up to six people. They will still be required to socially distance. 

I'm a single parent. What about childcare?

Single parents with children who were under the age of 18 on June 12, 2020, and people who are living alone are allowed to form an alliance with one other household of any size, as long as no-one is shielding. This is called a "childcare bubble".

Someone in one household  can provide informal (unpaid and unregistered) childcare to a child aged 13 or under in another household. 

Government guidance states that each childcare bubble must always be between the same two households.

This can include people in your support bubble and registered childcare providers, such as nannies, and people in your childcare bubble.

Can I go to work? 

There is no restriction on travelling to and from the office, however the advice is to work from home if you can. 

Should I cancel my wedding? 

Weddings and civil partnership ceremonies are still permitted, with up to 15 people able to attend. However, large receptions or parties afterwards should not go ahead. People can also travel in and out of lockdown zones to attend weddings. 

Funerals with up to 30 attendees can also take place. 

Read more: The latest wedding rules

Can I go to a place of worship? 

You may attend a mosque, church, synagogue, temple or other place or worship, but you should socially distance from people outside of your household. Maintain a distance of two metres, or one metre if you are wearing a mask.

If possible, prayer or religious services should take place outdoors.

Are you in a local lockdown? Tell us how you're coping in the comments section below