The 44 Presidents of the United States who came before Donald Trump

Donald Trump was elected as the 45th President of the United States in 2016. Four years later, Mr Trump is now fighting for a second stint against Barack Obama's former vice-president, Joe Biden. On November 3, the 46th president will be revealed. Donald Trump will either be re-elected for a second term, or Mr Biden will finally claim the presidency, 32 years after his first run in 1988.  Ahead of the 2020 US election, we look back at the 44 other men who have taken the presidential oath and the major events that marked their presidencies. Read more: Latest 2020 election polls 1. George Washington April 30, 1789 - March 4, 1797 No party affiliation Commander-in-chief during the War of Independence George Washington 2. John Adams March 4, 1797 - March 4, 1801 Federalist Founding Father who sought peace with France and Britain John Adams Credit: HULTON ARCHIVE 3. Thomas Jefferson March 4, 1801 - March 4, 1809 Democratic-Republican Drafted the Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson 4. James Madison March 4, 1809 - March 4, 1817 Democratic-Republican Wrote the Bill of Rights and led US during Anglo-American War James Madison 5. James Monroe March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1825 Democratic-Republican The Monroe Doctrine barred European powers from interfering in US affairs James Monroe Credit: Getty 6. John Quincy Adams March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829 Democratic-Republican/National Republican Son of former President John Adams, attempted to modernise America's infrastructure John Quincy Adams Credit: Getty Images  7. Andrew Jackson March 4, 1829 - March 4, 1837 Democrat Isolationist who led westward expansion and pushed out Native Americans Andrew Jackson Credit: Getty 8. Martin Van Buren March 4, 1837 - March 4, 1841 Democrat Economic downturn overshadowed his presidency Martin Van Buren Credit: Getty 9. William Henry Harrison March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841 Whig Died 31 days after giving inaugural address in freezing temperatures with no coat William Henry Harrison Credit: Getty 10. John Tyler April 4, 1841 - March 4, 1845 Whig Presided over the annexation of Texas  John Tyler Credit: Getty 11. James K. Polk March 4, 1845 - March 4, 1849 Democrat Oversaw large expansion and opened the US Naval Academy 12) Zachary Taylor March 4, 1849 - July 9, 1850 Whig A slave owner with little political experience, died after 16 months 13) Millard Fillmore July 9, 1850 - March 4, 1953 Whig Ordered free states to return runaway slaves to their masters 14. Franklin Pierce March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1857 Democrat Considered one of the worst presidents, sought to expand slave trade Franklin Pierce Credit: Getty 15. James Buchanan March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861 Democrat Only unmarried president, failed to stop drift to civil war 16. Abraham Lincoln March 4, 1861 - April 15, 1865 Republican Reunited the country and abolished slavery, then assassinated Abraham Lincoln Credit: Getty 17. Andrew Johnson April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869 Democrat First to face impeachment after being accused of abusing office, but survived by one Senate vote 18. Ulysses Grant March 4, 1869-March 4, 1877 Republican A civil war union general and initiator of early civil rights policies He died in July 1885 of throat cancer Ulysses Grant Credit: AP 19. Rutherford Hayes March 4, 1877-March 4, 1881 Republican Restored reputation of the presidency after rumours of corruption surrounding previous administrations He died in 1893 of complications from a heart attack Rutherford Hayes Credit: AP 20. James Garfield March 4, 1881-September 19, 1881 Republican Assassinated after four months by man denied job as Paris consul James Garfield Credit: Getty 21. Chester Arthur September 19th, 1881-March 4, 1885 Republican Survived a series of corruption scandals to become a success He died in November 1886 of 'convulsions' 22. Grover Cleveland March 4, 1885-March 4, 1889 Democrat Only president to serve two non-consecutive terms Grover Cleveland Credit: AP 23. Benjamin Harrison March 4, 1889-March 4, 1893 Republican First to have annual federal spending reach $1 billion He died in March 1901 of complications from influenza. 24. Grover Cleveland March 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897 Democrat Helped ease economic panic leftover from Harrison He died from a gastric ulcer in June 1908 25. William McKinley March 4, 1897 - September 14, 1901 Republican Shot by an anarchist and at a fair and died a week later in September 1901 26. Theodore Roosevelt September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909 Republican Popular president was the first American to win Nobel Peace Prize Roosevelt died in his sleep in January 1919, after a blood clot had detached from a vein and travelled to his lungs. Theodore Roosevelt  27. William Howard Taft March 4, 1909 - Ma

The 44 Presidents of the United States who came before Donald Trump

Donald Trump was elected as the 45th President of the United States in 2016. Four years later, Mr Trump is now fighting for a second stint against Barack Obama's former vice-president, Joe Biden.

On November 3, the 46th president will be revealed. Donald Trump will either be re-elected for a second term, or Mr Biden will finally claim the presidency, 32 years after his first run in 1988. 

Ahead of the 2020 US election, we look back at the 44 other men who have taken the presidential oath and the major events that marked their presidencies.

Read more: Latest 2020 election polls

1. George Washington

April 30, 1789 - March 4, 1797

No party affiliation

Commander-in-chief during the War of Independence

George Washington

2. John Adams

March 4, 1797 - March 4, 1801

Federalist

Founding Father who sought peace with France and Britain

John Adams Credit: HULTON ARCHIVE

3. Thomas Jefferson

March 4, 1801 - March 4, 1809

Democratic-Republican

Drafted the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Jefferson

4. James Madison

March 4, 1809 - March 4, 1817

Democratic-Republican

Wrote the Bill of Rights and led US during Anglo-American War

James Madison

5. James Monroe

March 4, 1817 - March 4, 1825

Democratic-Republican

The Monroe Doctrine barred European powers from interfering in US affairs

James Monroe Credit: Getty

6. John Quincy Adams

March 4, 1825 - March 4, 1829

Democratic-Republican/National Republican

Son of former President John Adams, attempted to modernise America's infrastructure

John Quincy Adams Credit: Getty Images 

7. Andrew Jackson

March 4, 1829 - March 4, 1837

Democrat

Isolationist who led westward expansion and pushed out Native Americans

Andrew Jackson Credit: Getty

8. Martin Van Buren

March 4, 1837 - March 4, 1841

Democrat

Economic downturn overshadowed his presidency

Martin Van Buren Credit: Getty

9. William Henry Harrison

March 4, 1841 - April 4, 1841

Whig

Died 31 days after giving inaugural address in freezing temperatures with no coat

William Henry Harrison Credit: Getty

10. John Tyler

April 4, 1841 - March 4, 1845

Whig

Presided over the annexation of Texas

 John Tyler Credit: Getty

11. James K. Polk

March 4, 1845 - March 4, 1849

Democrat

Oversaw large expansion and opened the US Naval Academy

12) Zachary Taylor

March 4, 1849 - July 9, 1850

Whig

A slave owner with little political experience, died after 16 months

13) Millard Fillmore

July 9, 1850 - March 4, 1953

Whig

Ordered free states to return runaway slaves to their masters

14. Franklin Pierce

March 4, 1853 - March 4, 1857

Democrat

Considered one of the worst presidents, sought to expand slave trade

Franklin Pierce Credit: Getty

15. James Buchanan

March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861

Democrat

Only unmarried president, failed to stop drift to civil war

16. Abraham Lincoln

March 4, 1861 - April 15, 1865

Republican

Reunited the country and abolished slavery, then assassinated

Abraham Lincoln Credit: Getty

17. Andrew Johnson

April 15, 1865 - March 4, 1869

Democrat

First to face impeachment after being accused of abusing office, but survived by one Senate vote

18. Ulysses Grant

March 4, 1869-March 4, 1877

Republican

A civil war union general and initiator of early civil rights policies

He died in July 1885 of throat cancer

Ulysses Grant Credit: AP

19. Rutherford Hayes

March 4, 1877-March 4, 1881

Republican

Restored reputation of the presidency after rumours of corruption surrounding previous administrations

He died in 1893 of complications from a heart attack

Rutherford Hayes Credit: AP

20. James Garfield

March 4, 1881-September 19, 1881

Republican

Assassinated after four months by man denied job as Paris consul

James Garfield Credit: Getty

21. Chester Arthur

September 19th, 1881-March 4, 1885

Republican

Survived a series of corruption scandals to become a success

He died in November 1886 of 'convulsions'

22. Grover Cleveland

March 4, 1885-March 4, 1889

Democrat

Only president to serve two non-consecutive terms

Grover Cleveland Credit: AP

23. Benjamin Harrison

March 4, 1889-March 4, 1893

Republican

First to have annual federal spending reach $1 billion

He died in March 1901 of complications from influenza.

24. Grover Cleveland

March 4, 1893 - March 4, 1897

Democrat

Helped ease economic panic leftover from Harrison

He died from a gastric ulcer in June 1908

25. William McKinley

March 4, 1897 - September 14, 1901

Republican

Shot by an anarchist and at a fair and died a week later in September 1901

26. Theodore Roosevelt

September 14, 1901 - March 4, 1909

Republican

Popular president was the first American to win Nobel Peace Prize

Roosevelt died in his sleep in January 1919, after a blood clot had detached from a vein and travelled to his lungs.

Theodore Roosevelt 

27. William Howard Taft

March 4, 1909 - March 4, 1913

Republican

He was famous for his very large size. At six feet tall, he weighed over 350 pounds. There are unfounded rumours that he got stuck in the White House bathtub

Taft died in March 1930 of cardiovascular problems.

28. Woodrow Wilson

March 4, 1913 - March 4, 1921

Democrat

Drafted post WWI peace plan, won Nobel Peace Prize

Wilson died from a stroke and heart complications in February, 1924.

Woodrow Wilson 

29. Warren Harding

March 4, 1921 - August 2, 1923

Republican

Mired in scandal, died of a heart attack in office

30. Calvin Coolidge

August 2, 1923 - March 4, 1929

Republican

Major proponent of an unregulated economy

Coolidge died suddenly from coronary thrombosis in January, 1933.

31. Herbert Hoover

March 4, 1929 - March 4, 1933

Republican

Failed to stop the Great Depression

Hoover wrote many articles and books, one of which he was working on when he died in October, 1964.

Herbert Hoover Credit: Getty

32. Franklin Delano Roosevelt

March 4, 1933 - April 12, 1945

Democrat

Wartime president who launched the New Deal and saved the economy

Roosevelt died in office in April, 1945. He collapsed and died as a result of a cerebral hemorrhage.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt 

33. Harry Truman

April 12, 1945 - January 20, 1953

Democrat

Gave the order to drop atom bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

He died on December 26, 1972.

Victorious presidential candidate Harry Truman jubilantly displaying erroneous Chicago Daily Tribune headline which overconfident Republican editors had rushed to print on election night.  Credit: Getty Images

34. Dwight D Eisenhower

January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1961

Republican

A five-star general in the Army during WW2 who served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Expeditionary Force in Europe. Started highway system, ended the Korean War with a ceasefire

He died in March 1969 with congestive heart failure. 

35. John F Kennedy

January 20, 1961 - November 22, 1963

Democrat

First Catholic president and hope of a generation

Shot dead in Dallas.

John F Kennedy and wife Jacqueline Kennedy arrive at San Antonio airport during a campaign tour in Texas in 1963, the day before he was assassinated.  Credit: Getty Images/Getty Images

36. Lyndon B. Johnson

November 22, 1963 - January 20, 1969

Democrat

Outlawed segregation but massively escalated Vietnam War

He died of a heart attack in January, 1973.

Lyndon B. Johnson Credit: GETTY IMAGES

37. Richard Nixon

January 20, 1969 - August 9, 1974

Republican

Resigned after Watergate bugging scandal before he could be impeached, but opened up China

He died in April 1994, after suffering a stroke four days earlier.

Richard Nixon  Credit: AP

38. Gerald Ford

August 9, 1974 - January 20, 1977

Republican

Finished Nixon's term during which he oversaw the end of Vietnam War

He died in December 2006, after suffering from arteriosclerotic cerebrovascular disease and diffuse arteriosclerosis.

Gerald Ford dancing with the Queen Credit: Rex

39. Jimmy Carter

January 20, 1977 - January 20, 1981

Democrat

Failed to handle petrol shortage or rescue American hostages in Iran

Jimmy Carter Credit: REUTERS

40. Ronald Reagan

January 20, 1981 - January 20, 1989

Republican

One of the most popular. Ended Cold War, boosted economy

Died in 2004, after suffering from Alzheimer's disease.

Ronald Reagan and the Queen are pictured horse riding together in the grounds of Windsor Castle in June 1982 Credit: AP

41. George H. W. Bush

January 20, 1989 - January 20, 1993

Republican

Led Gulf War against Saddam Hussein but undermined by economic problems

George HW Bush (r) with his son George W Bush 

42. Bill Clinton

January 20, 1993 - January 20, 2001

Democrat

Survived impeachment over Monica Lewinsky affair but balanced budget

Bill Clinton 

43. George W Bush

January 20, 2001 - January 20, 2009

Republican

Presidency marked by 9/11, "War on Terror", the subsequent invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan and the opening of Guantanamo Bay detention centre

George W. Bush and former British Prime Minister Tony Blair at the US presidential retreat, Camp David, in Maryland in 2002 Credit: AFP

44. Barack Obama 

January 20, 2009 - January 20, 2017

Democrat

First black president of the USA. Made expanding healthcare his biggest campaign issue, ended the Iraq War and eliminated Osama Bin Laden

Barack Obama Credit: Pablo Martinez Monsivais/AP